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Behavioral Support Plan Tools and Tips

A "Behavior Support Plan" (BSP) is a plan that assists a member in building positive behaviors to replace or reduce a challenging/dangerous behavior.  This plan may include teaching, improved communication, increasing relationships, and using clinical interventions.

We've compiled the following downloadable training materials and additional information to help you develop a behavior support plan for residents in your facility.

MS Word Document Behavioral Support Plan Glossary
MS Word Document  Behavioral Support Plan Blank Form
MS Word Document Behavioral Support Plan Workbook
MS Word Document Behavioral Support Plan Tracking Log
MS Excel Document Behavioral Support Plan Checklist


Behavior Support Plan Tips

  • When behavior is challenging, rule out heath issues such as acute illness, pain, or discomfort.  
  • Behaviors have meaning: they serve a specific purpose, function or unmet need.
  • The meaning or purpose of a behavior may sometimes be challenging to determine; we need to be detectives and gather a team to develop understanding of the behavior.
  • Then we can develop strategies, interventions and positive supports based on our understanding of the member. 
  • Some member’s behaviors have been longstanding and impacting them may take time, reinforcement, and encouragement.
  • If behaviors cause trouble, a Behavior Support Plan should be written. 
  • Keep Behavior Support Plans simple--they are the easiest to implement, evaluate, and often are the most effective.
  • Behavior Support Plans must be member centered and specific to the individual member.  
  • Target specific behaviors, address the purpose, function or need that the behaviors reflect.
    • Can we accommodate the behavior?
    • Can we add supports to the environments?
    • Can we teach the member new skills, ways to communicate more effectively?
  • Restrictive measures that limit voluntary movement, isolate the member, or use protective equipment that the member cannot easily remove are the most restrictive measures.  They are allowed only with prior approval, when all other supports and interventions have failed.
  • Member rights limitations and denials may be part of the Behavior Support Plan with proper approval and documentation.
  • If a Behavior Support Plan proves to be ineffective, document the supports and interventions that are ineffective and address other possibilities.
  • Reviewing and adjusting Behavior Support Plans to elicit the best outcome is the goal.
  • Decide the review date for a Behavior Support Plan when it is written. The plan may be reviewed sooner if needed, but give the plan a chance to be effective.

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